Ophthalmology 21

Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye syndrome is the result of a disruption of the aqueous layer of the tear film. It results in excessive tear evaporation and consequent damage to the tissues of the eye.

It occurs more frequently in individuals:

- with allergies,

- diabetics,

- with endocrine disruption, including women on hormonal contraception and in the peri-menopausal period

- users of antihistamines and diuretics

- working a lot at the computer,

- cigarette smokers,

Main symptoms  are burning, a feeling of sand under the eyelids, redness, tearing and even photophobia.

The primary diagnostic tests for Osteoporosis are the Schirmer test, slit-lamp assessment of the conjunctival surface after fluorescein staining and the tear film break time test.

Treatment consists of the use of tear supplement drops, or so-called artificial tears. These can be used whenever you experience dry eyes, even several times a day. Ideally, these drops should be preservative-free to avoid the possibility of additional eye irritation. Artificial tears without preservatives in conventional packaging should not be used more than one month after opening.

An additional recommendation for the treatment of dry eye syndrome is to clean the eyelid margins: morning and evening, also in men. In addition, it is important to warm the eyelids with special compresses. It is worth taking care of proper hydration of the organism and humidification of the air in the room in which we work.

 In difficult cases, tear point closure plugs are used. These reduce the outflow of tears so that the eyeball is better moisturised. 

The film which was produced as part of the project "What do you know about your eyes?"

Education of 60+ Poznań residents about eye diseases

Modern diagnosis and treatment of dry eye syndrome according to international standards in 2019. questionnaire