Ophthalmology 21


Presbyopia (otherwise presbyopia) is neither a refractive defect nor a pathological change - it is the result of our body's natural ageing process. As we age, the lens of the eye increases in volume and loses elasticity, resulting in a decrease in the ability of the eye to adjust to seeing objects from different distances. The mechanism that allows us to see objects at close distances is called accommodation, and it decreases with age. Consequently, a person with presbyopia moves objects away from themselves to see better, but over time this is not enough.

Presbyopia affects most people over the age of 45.

In 2012, 1.7 billion people worldwide suffered from presbyopia. By 2020, it is estimated to be 2.1 billion people.



The first symptoms presbyopia can be, for example, pushing back text so that it is readable, headaches and eye fatigue. You will notice problems with your visual acuity when doing things such as texting or reading the newspaper. Sometimes presbyopia is accompanied by diplopia - double vision of objects, in this case caused by a malfunction of the outer eye muscles. Activities that were previously intuitive and obvious to us suddenly become troublesome.


Correction methods

It is very important that once you have been diagnosed with the symptoms of presbyopia, you go to an ophthalmologist or optometrist who will help you choose the corrective method that is right for you. Presbyopia can be corrected with:

  1. Progressive spectacles
  2. Multifocal contact lenses
  3. Laser refractive surgery procedure
  4. Intraocular lens implantations


For more information, please visit www.prezbiopia.pl